Theater an der Wien
The Theater an der Wien is a traditional theatre in the 6th district of Vienna, which was inaugurated in 1801 by the librettist of Mozart's "Magic Flute", Emanuel Schikaneder. Today, only parts of the original building, which was built in Empire style, have been preserved. The so-called “Papageno-Gate” shows the builder as Papageno and his children as the "Three boys" in Mozart’s “Magic Flute”.
History of the theatre – Numerous world premieres shape the early years
In the early years, none other than Ludwig van Beethoven lived in the building, which is why a memorial room in honor of the composer was built on the ground floor. During his stay he worked as a conductor and wrote his successful opera composition "Fidelio", whose first version premiered in 1805 at the Theater an der Wien (under the original title "Leonore").
In addition to Beethoven's opera, the Theater an der Wien experienced numerous other historical world premieres- including Beethoven's "Eroica" and many of his orchestral pieces, works by Grillparzer, Raimund and Nestroy.
Musicals & the Vienna Festival ensure continued success
Unlike the bombed Vienna State Opera, the theatre building remained undamaged during the Second World War and therefore was used as temporary quarters for the State Opera Ensemble in subsequent years. In 1960, the city government acquired the theatre to use it as a festival hall for the annual “Vienna Festival”, as well as for various guest appearances. In the 90’s, Austrian premieres of many musicals- including "Elizabeth" and "Cats"- enjoyed unbroken success at the theatre.
Realignment of the program in the “Year of Mozart” 2006
By 2006 and on the occasion of the “Year of Mozart”, the directors of the theatre decided to break with the previous line in terms of the program and turned the theatre primarily to a venue for operas. Since then it carries the additional name “The new opera house”, being the third Viennese opera house after the State Opera and the Volksoper.
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